Breast Cancer: Early detection

Hi everyone

Today, we are concluding on the series on breast cancer. You are welcome.

Once again, please note that the main essence of discussing Breast cancer is not to frighten or alarm you but to ensure that you take charge for a healthier you.

EARLY DETECTION AND TREATMENT REMAIN THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTORS FOR SURVIVAL IN BREAST CANCER!!!

The main principles in early detection are as follows:
1. Self Breast examination
2. Clinical breast examination
3. Breast ultrasound
4. Mammography

1. Self Breast examination should be carried out by every woman.
The steps in Self Breast Examination (https://www.missionrmc.org/Healthcare-Services/Breast-Care-Center/Steps-to-Breast-Self-Examination.asp)

Step 1: LYING DOWN
–Lie down on your back with a pillow under your right shoulder
–Use the pads of the three middle fingers on your left hand to check your right breast
–Press using light, medium and firm pressure in a circle without lifting your fingers off the skin
–Follow an up and down pattern
–Feel for changes in your breast, above and below your collarbone and in your armpit
–Repeat on your left breast using your right hand
These steps may be repeated while bathing using soapy hands.

Step 2: IN FRONT OF THE MIRROR
Look for any changes from normal. Inspect your breasts in four steps:

Hold arms at your side
Hold arms over your head
Press your hands on your hips and tighten your chest muscles
Bend forward with your hands on your hips

2. Clinical breast examination is carried out by a Doctor.

3. Breast ultrasound and mammography are tests that should be carried out by every woman. Breast ultrasound is known to be more sensitive. The new Guideline recommends a first examination after the age of 25 years. Thereafter those with average risk should have a yearly examination after the age of 40 years.

Those who have a high risk of cancer should start earlier; at the age of 35 years.

Thanks for reading

Published by berthaekeh

Medical Doctor/ Teacher/Author

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